The SC works to promote the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security with the least diversion for armament of the world’s human and economic resources. To ensure that its mission is accomplished and its mandate maintained, the UNSC utilizes a wide array of powers including peacekeepers, peace enforcement, and sanctions.
Disarmament and International Security
The First Committee deals with disarmament, global challenges and threats to peace that affect the international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime.
It considers all disarmament and international security matters relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations; the general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments; promotion of cooperative arrangements and measures aimed at strengthening stability through lower levels of armaments.
In 1952, the General Assembly, by its resolution 502 (VI) of January 1952, created the United Nations Disarmament Commission (UNDC) under the Security Council with a mandate to prepare proposals for a treaty for the regulation, limitation and balanced reduction of all armed forces and all armaments, including the elimination of all weapons of mass destruction.
In 1978, the first special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament established a successor Disarmament Commission as a subsidiary organ of the Assembly, composed of all Member States of the United Nations. It was created as a deliberative body, with the function of considering and making recommendations on various issues in the field of disarmament and of following up on the relevant decisions and recommendations of the special session. It reports annually to the General Assembly.
the Economic and Social Council, is the United Nations body that deals specifically with issues related to the world’s economic, social and environmental development. The ECOSOC committee develops and implements policy recommendations impacting those specific areas. ECOSOC is responsible for the human and financial resources of the United Nations, and thus carries considerable authority and ability to impact the policies and implementation of decisions coming out of the UN.
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is an agency of the United Nations (UN) that was created in 1946 due to the vital need for aid after World War II. UNICEF was created as a kind of effort to resolve the major healthcare and food shortage issues for children in wartorn nations. When it was established, the organization was known as the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund. In 1950, it extended its efforts and began concentrating on the long-term needs of women and children in developing countries. UNICEF became an enduring agency of the UN in 1954, and its name was shortened to United Nations Children’s Fund. The original acronym “UNICEF” was kept. Currently, UNICEF works to help governments improve the health and education of women and children. UNICEF’s work is carried out in 191 countries and territories.
The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year.
WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.
In the 21st century, health is a shared responsibility, involving equitable access to essential care and collective defense against transnational threats
WHO operates in an increasingly complex and rapidly changing landscape. The boundaries of public health action have become blurred, extending into other sectors that influence health opportunities and outcomes. WHO responds to these challenges using a six-point agenda.
1. Promoting development
2. Fostering health security
3. Strengthening health systems
4. Harnessing research, information and evidence
5. Enhancing partnerships
6. Improving performance